President Pranab Mukherjee on Tuesday greeted the nation on the occasion of Guru Nanak Jayanti, the birthday of Guru Nanak which will be celebrated Wednesday.
Through a statement, President Mukherjee said: “The life and teachings of Guru Nanak are of profound significance to mankind. His message of love, harmony and brotherhood, his universal vision and compassion provide inspiration for all humanity.”
Born on October 20, 1469, Guru Nanak was the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. It is believed that the spirit of Guru Nanak’s sanctity, divinity and religious authority descended upon each of the nine subsequent Gurus when the honour was bestowed upon them.
Guru Nanak’s birth place is now called Nankana Sahib, near Lahore, Pakistan. His birthplace is marked by Gurdwara Janam Asthan.
His father, Kalyan Chand Das Bedi was a patwari (accountant) in the village of Talwandi, employed by a Muslim landlord Rai Bular Bhatti. Nanakâ??s mother was Tripta. He had one elder sister, Bibi Nanaki. When his sister was married to Jai Ram of Sultanpur town, he also accompanied her because he was attached to his elder sister.
Guru Nanak was married to Mata Sulakhni when he was 16 years old. The couple had two sons, Sri Chand and Lakhmi Chand.
Guru Nanak appointed Bhai Lehna as the successor Guru, renaming him as Guru Angad. After proclaiming Bhai Lehna as his successor, Guru Nanak Dev died on September 22, 1539 in Kartarpur, at the age of 70.
A brief summary of the places where Guru Nanak visited is given below:
First Udasi (1500-1506 AD): It lasted about 7 years and he covered the following towns and regions: Sultanpur, Tulamba (modern Makhdumpur, zila Multan), Panipat, Delhi, Banaras (Varanasi), Nanakmata (zila Nainital, U.P.), Tanda Vanjara (zila Rampur), Kamrup (Assam), Asa Desh (Assam), Saidpur (modern Eminabad, Pakistan), Pasrur (Pakistan), Sialkot (Pakistan).
Second Udasi (1506-1513 AD): It lasted about 7 years and he covered Dhanasri Valley and Sangladip (Ceylon).
Third Udasi (1514-1518 AD): It lasted about 5 years and he covered the places including Kashmir, Sumer Parbat, Nepal, Tashkand, Sikkim and Tibet.
Fourth Udasi (1519-1521 AD): It lasted about 3 years and he covered Mecca and the Arab countries.
Fifth Udasi (1523-1524 AD): It lasted about 2 years and he is stated to have covered the places within the Punjab.